In the method of running with running poles (Nordic running) three corresponding activities are combined: running, classical cross-country skiing and Nordic walking. In comparison to all the three activities, the Nordic running is clearly the most intensive and allows the year-round realization on all types of surfaces with the correct running technique.
The advantage of running and classic style cross-country skiing is reaching relatively high intensity, so they can both allow for high energy consumption. This applies both considering the training goals and body-fat reduction. As for running, there is a disadvantage of a quite high impact on the musculoskeletal system; according to the running speed, the runner’s foot must absorb two- to three-times their weight with every footstep.
Classic style cross-country skiing, which can be considered as a very convenient training or cross-training method during the winter season, does not overstrain the main joints so much. However, this activity requires prepared trails, which can often be very limiting (most of the runners or other active people are not lucky enough to live just next to a skiing trail or track).
Compared to standard walking Nordic walking – by involving the poles and arms – relieves a part of the impact put on the main leg joints (ankle, knee, hip). Nevertheless, by using standard poles for this activity, the higher intensity, which is necessary for reaching training goals in the athletics training effectively, is not guaranteed. Moreover, it is not possible to purchase Nordic walking poles in the length required for running with poles to reach the proper technique.